The PCB required for different electronic products is also different. How to match the compatible shape requires cutting PCB. How to cut PCB into the required size, and then introduce the PCB cutting guide in detail.
Why we need to cut pcb ?
There are several reasons why you might want to cut your PCB to the right size for your current project. Many projects require PCB sizes and dimensions that are not readily available. In these types of cases, cutting the size you need from a larger PCB might be the only option.
Moreover, a lot of professionals and enthusiasts prefer ordering larger PCBs and cutting custom sizes. This is a common practice as larger PCBs often cost less per unit of size. Therefore, this practice can help make projects more economical and cost-effective.
Cutting your own custom-sized PCBs can also help you save time. If you are in the middle of a time-critical project and have large PCBs lying around, cutting the size you need gives you access to the right board immediately. This way, you do not have to waste time waiting for custom-size boards to arrive from your supplier.
How to cut PCB
There are many ways to cut the circuit board. The following are the main methods:
1. Cutting: Cutting is the first step of the mechanical operation of the printed circuit board. By cutting, it can give a rough shape and outline. The basic cutting method is suitable for a variety of substrates, usually the thickness does not exceed 2mm. When the cutting board is more than 2mm, the edges of the cut will appear rough and uneven, so this method is generally not adopted.
2.V cutting machine: Most factories use special V -type cutting machines for PCB cutting.
3. Template and Punching: Use the template to form a groove around the PCB material, and then use the punch to break the PCB. However, this method may lead to cracks in the final product and lower efficiency.
4. PCB router machine, V-CUT PCB machine, PCB milling cutter, PCB sawing machine, dedicated PCB cutting tool: These tools may be more applicable when dealing with PCB of different materials and sizes.
PCB cutting process
1. Determine the cutting position: Before cutting, you need to determine the position and shape of the cut. This can help determine by using templates or manual drawing.
2. Select the right cutting tool: Select the appropriate cutting tool according to the PCB material and size of the cut. Common cutting tools include V-CUT machines, PCB router machines, PCB milling cutters, PCB sawing machines, etc.
3. Adjust the cutting depth: For some PCBs that need to be cut into a certain depth, you need to adjust the cutting depth. This can be achieved by setting the cutting depth of cutting or using the template on the cutting machine.
4. Control the cutting speed: When cutting, you need to control the cutting speed to avoid excessive or insufficient cutting. Generally speaking, the slower cutting speed can provide better cutting quality and less calories.
5. Use coolant: When cutting, you can use coolant to help reduce temperature and reduce the production of thermal stress. This can prevent the PCB board from deforming or rupturing.
6. Check the cutting quality: After the cutting is complete, check the cutting quality to ensure that the cutting meets the requirements. If the cutting is poor, you can adjust the cutting tool or re -adjust the cutting parameters.
Cutting is an important process of PCB assembly. Correct cutting can better complete the product assembly. For enthusiasts, knowing how to cut PCB is beneficial, because it can help save the cost and time of major projects. With this guide, you should be able to learn how to cut PCB, what tools do you need, and how to use them to achieve the best results.